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主演:
甲斐荣二 魏武侯魏击 张学良 白圭 孙亚琴 
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64集
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ps平面设计教程》简介:

 世界周刊,4月20至21日 天下三丰派弟子 汇聚福泉寻三丰仙踪,智慧树,3月份,社会消费品零售总额同比增长10.9%,比1-2月份加快1.4个百分点,环比增长0.84%。偶像老小的叛逆时代,陈德铭:与台商合作像兄弟 盼尽快通过服贸协议,AKBINGO2013,Thetermmiddle-incometrap,firstusedbytheWorldBankin2006,referstoastage-generally,slowergrowth-aneconomyreachesafterbecomingamiddle-incomesociety.Themiddle-incometrap,assuch,reflectstheinadaptabilityoftheindustrialdevelopmentmodel.Globalizationhasallowedacountry'sindustrializationtobeweighedintermsofinternalindustrializationandexternalindustrialization.Andoncethenegativefactorsimpedethedevelopmentofinternalindustrialization,externalindustrialization,moreorless,prevails.Developedcountrieshavealmostalwaysexportedcapitalthroughdirectinvestment,capitaloutflowsorcross-bordercooperationtocheckthedeclineinprofitsbecauseofincreasingdomesticwages.Suchkindofexternalindustrializationhashelpedacceleratemanydevelopingcountries'domesticindustrialization.Still,manyemergingeconomiesremainatthelow-endoftheglobalindustrialvaluechainbecauseahugeamountofsurplusvalueistransferredthroughthecirculationofcommodities,capitalandfinancetothedevelopedeconomies.Thispreventsdevelopingcountries'comparativeincomelevelfromincreasingeveniftheirindustrializationprocessandproductivitycontinuetorise.Besides,developingcountriesareforcedtoparticipateinacompetitionoflow-levelindustrybasedoncomparativeadvantageinlaborcost,whichgraduallyreducesprofits.AccordingtotheWorldBank'sstatistics,only13outofthe101middle-incomeeconomiessince1960havemanagedtoreachthehigh-incomestage.Internationalpracticesshowthekeytoavoidingthemiddle-incometrapistorapidlyincreasethecompetitivenessandaccumulationofaneconomy'sindustrialcapital,inordertoclearthebottleneckspreventingincomesfromrisingandtoacceleratethetransitionfromamiddle-incometoahigh-incomeeconomy.Withouttheaccumulationofsufficientdomesticindustrialcapital,itisdifficultforaneconomytobreakfreefromthecapitalaccumulationsystemdominatedbyinternationalcapital;itcouldevenmarginalizetheeconomyininternationalcompetition.Althoughtherearemanyenterprisesandindustrieswithhugecapacities,evenovercapacity,inChina,theirindustrialcapitalaccumulation,ingeneral,hasnotbeenhighandtheirinternationalcompetitivenessnotstrongenough.Andinrecentyears,excessivefinancializationhasunderminedtheaccumulationofdomesticindustrialcapital.ToincreasethequalityandcompetitivenessofChina'sindustrialcapitalaccumulation,weshouldfirstincreasethequalityfactorsofcapital.Theaccumulationofindustrialcapitalespeciallyproductivecapitalmainlydependsontheaccumulationofmaterial,humanresourcesandtechnologicalfactors.Andqualityfactorssuchashighlyskilledlaborersandadvancedtechnologycanincreaseproducts'addedvalueandimprovetheirpositionintheinternationaldivisionoflabor.Toenhancesuchqualityfactors,weshouldincreaseinvestmentinfieldssuchastechnology,whichhasbecomeanincreasinglyimportantfactordeterminingthecompetitivenessofenterprisesandcountries.Increasinginvestmentintechnology,especiallyintechnologicalinnovation,willpromoteindustrializationandhelpaccumulateproductivecapital.Moreover,thereisneedtoestablishacombinationmechanismforcapitalinthefinancialandindustrialsectors,inordertoprovidestrongfinancialandsocialcapitalsupportfortheaccumulationofproductivecapital.Withtherapiddevelopmentofglobalization,capital'ssupportiveroleintherealeconomyhasreduced.Tosupporttheintegrativedevelopmentofcapitalinthefinancialandothersectors,measureshavetobetakentohelpfinancialandsocialcapitaltoplayagreaterroleintheaccumulationofindustrialcapitalandindustrialupgrading.Measuresneedtobetakenforpromotingtheinternationalizationofcapitalandselectivelyexportingandimportingit.Selectiveexportandimportofcapitalbasedontherequirementsofdomesticdevelopmentcouldpromotetheaccumulationofqualityindustrialcapitalandimprovethepositionofdomesticindustriesintheinternationalindustrialvaluechain,whichwillultimatelyleadtostableandbalancedinternationalcirculation.TheauthorisaneconomicsprofessorofRenminUniversityofChina.